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BY: JAKE ZUCKERMAN – Ohio Capital Journal

An administrative judge blocked a watchdog’s attempt to obtain an audit that the Ohio utility regulatory agency’s former chairman, who has been accused of taking a $4.3 million bribe, allegedly tried to squash before publication.

The ruling, released Friday evening, is a setback for the Ohio Consumers’ Counsel, a state funded agency representing residential ratepayers in utility cases. The OCC has pushed for investigations of FirstEnergy, especially since the company admitted to playing a central role in a massive public corruption scandal.

The OCC asked the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio to grant it a subpoena to obtain a copy of any draft audit into a $458 million charge from FirstEnergy that started in 2017 collected called the “Distribution Modernization Rider.” The OCC also sought to depose an auditor who worked on report.

The Ohio Supreme Court blocked FirstEnergy from continuing to charge customers for the DMR, two years after it was first applied on monthly bills. The court said the PUCO unlawfully failed to ensure the money is actually spent on modernizing the grid. A subsequent PUCO investigation was inconclusive as to whether the DMR monies were used to fund the bribery operations.

The Supreme Court’s order questioned the value of leaving intact the audit when it overturned the rider, finding the reviews fail to properly protect ratepayers from the “possible misuse of DMR funds.” Additionally, the justices reasoned that any findings of misuse of the funds would be moot given the court had already blocked the charge and a state law blocked the court from ordering refunds unless PUCO explicitly allows for them, which it did not. The PUCO later nixed the audit, citing the court’s thinking.

The OCC has previously obtained a text message from FirstEnergy’s CEO referencing former PUCO Chairman Sam Randazzo “burning the DMR final report.”

The text partially came to light when FirstEnergy entered into a deferred prosecution agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice to possibly avert a charge of wire fraud. The company agreed to pay a $230 million penalty. It also admitted to paying Randazzo $22 million over nine years, including $4.3 million just before he started as PUCO chairman. The company also admitted to a separate $60 million bribery scheme ran through the state Legislature to pass House Bill 6 in 2019.

Randazzo has not been charged with a crime and has maintained his innocence. The PUCO has received two subpoenas in connection with the investigation.

PUCO Attorney Examiner Gregory Price denied both the OCC’s requests. He said the facts are clear that no such draft report exists in any form. Additionally, the question of FirstEnergy’s political spending is being “thoroughly addressed” in other PUCO cases.

Price ruled OCC’s reliance on the Randazzo text shows its “obvious interest in investigating potential wrongdoing” as opposed to matters it “actually has jurisdiction over.”

In December 2020, about two months after federal agents raided Randazzo’s home, the PUCO opted to resume the audit into the DMR. However, this time it hired Daymark Energy Advisors. That audit, released earlier this year, was inconclusive as to whether the DMR funds were used to fund the HB 6 campaign. FirstEnergy, the auditors said, pooled funds from all its 11 utilities in one pot, creating an “inability” for the auditors to track the funds.

Price, however, said the final report “appears to fully address whether [FirstEnergy] properly expended the DMR funds.”

In records the PUCO provided to federal prosecutors, Price is copied onto email threads regarding policy meetings before and after the passage of House Bill 6. As was first reported by, one email shows Price was invited to one such meeting days before the House passed the bill.

Other investigations into FirstEnergy, Randazzo and other alleged conspirators continue. Former House Speaker Larry Householder is expected to stand trial on a racketeering charge in connection with the scandal this fall. He recently asked a court to dismiss the charge against him. That motion has not yet received a ruling.

Meanwhile, FirstEnergy shareholders have filed a class action lawsuit against the company as well.

JAKE ZUCKERMAN is a statehouse reporter. He spent three years chronicling the West Virginia Legislature for The Charleston Gazette-Mail after covering cops and courts for The Northern Virginia Daily.

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